What is Learning Disability?
L.D is a general term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of :
These disorders are intrinsic to the individual, presumed to be due to central nervous system dysfunction ( or may occur across the life span).
Causes of Learning Disability?
‘Heinicke’ has described four widely accepted hypothesis about L.D :
Minimal brain dysfunction.
Inherited neurologic disorder.
Prevention of Learning Disability
Prevention is usually described as primary, secondary, tertiary depending on when why preventive action is taken.
This involves all three types:
Common Types of L.D :
Dyslexia - Difficulty processing Language.
Dyscalculia - Difficulty with math.
Dysgraphia- Difficulty with writing.
Dyspraxia (SIT)- Difficulty with fine motor skills.
ADP ( Auditory Processing Disorder)- Difficulty hearing differences between sound.
VDP ( Visual Processing Disorder)- Difficulty interpreting visual information.