Cerebral palsy is a disorder which occurs in children which largely effect muscular movements and coordination. It is not caused by complications during the process of birth or perinatal difficulties. It is the result of some injury to the brain that occurred during pregnancy which leads to cp and predisposes the infants to a difficult delivery.
Cerebral blood flow is sensitive to
Acid base status(Acidosis increases CBD and Alkalosis decreases CBF)
Causes of most of CP unknown, but the majority seems to be prenatal in etiology(such as congenital malformations and genetic causes).
Most children with CP did not sustain intrapartum asphyxia(only about 10-24 %).
However ,intrapartum asphyxia does occur and is an important mechanism of brain injury and CP.
Neuroimaging (MRI preferred to CT) is recommended in children with cerebral palsy in order to establish structural brain abnormality which may further help in finding the etiology and giving a prognosis