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Learning Disability Care

What is Learning Disability?

L.D is a general term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of :

  • Learning
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Reasoning
  • Maths Abilities
  • These disorders are intrinsic to the individual, presumed to be due to central nervous system dysfunction ( or may occur across the life span).

    Causes of Learning Disability?

    ‘Heinicke’ has described four widely accepted hypothesis about L.D :

  • Maturation Lag.
  • Minimal brain dysfunction.
  • Inherited neurologic disorder.
  • Psychological conflict.

  • Prevention of Learning Disability

    Prevention is usually described as primary, secondary, tertiary depending on when why preventive action is taken.

    This involves all three types:

  • Primary prevention.
  • Secondary prevention.
  • Tertiary prevention.

  • Common Types of L.D :

  • Dyslexia - Difficulty processing Language.
  • Dyscalculia - Difficulty with math.
  • Dysgraphia- Difficulty with writing.
  • Dyspraxia (SIT)- Difficulty with fine motor skills.
  • ADP ( Auditory Processing Disorder)- Difficulty hearing differences between sound.
  • VDP ( Visual Processing Disorder)- Difficulty interpreting visual information.